COVID-19: Deprivation of Liberty Information Corner

This section of the website has been specifically created to place into the public domain rapidly emerging information about deprivation of liberty in the context of the seemingly ever worsening global health situation resulting from the COVID-19 virus. In doing so, we have attempted to compile in one spot information from both Canada and abroad.

After the presentation of a list of useful resources, you will find Canadian news items and statements on COVID-19 and deprivation of liberty. Please click here to locate the international articles, of which there are many more.

The overall aim of this section of the website is to make readily available a range of opinions about the implications of being deprived of one’s liberty at a time of global health emergency and to highlight the obligations on the part of the state (Canadian or other) to ensure that those persons in their custody remain safe and healthy and that their human rights and dignity are fully respected in practice.

12a Jaleo – Elvert Barnes (2020).

Useful resources

United Nations

UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, COVID-19 not an excuse for unlawful deprivation of liberty – UN expert group on arbitrary detention and its Deliberation No.11.

UN Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture, Advice of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture to States Parties and National Preventive Mechanisms relating to the Coronavirus Pandemic (25 March 2020).

Advice of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture to the National Preventive Mechanism of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland regarding compulsory quarantine for Coronavirus, adopted at its 40th session (10 to 14 February 2020).

WHO Europe, Preparedness, prevention and control of COVID-19 in prisons and other places of detention (2020) – overview and report.

 (April 2020).

UNICEF, Technical Note: COVID-19 and Children Deprived
of their Liberty
 (April 2020).


APT & ODIHR, Practical Guidance on Monitoring places of detention in times of COVID-19.

European Committee on the Prevention of Torture, Statement of principles relating to the treatment of persons deprived of their liberty in the context of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic (20 March 2020) in English and French.

Dignity – The Danish Institute Against Torture, Synthesis of Global Guidance and Recommendations: How to Prevent and Manage COVID-19 in Prisons (26 March 2020).

Open Society Initiative, The Right to Health Care in Prison during the COVID-19 Pandemic (15 July 2020).

Penal Reform International, Coronavirus: Healthcare and human rights of people in prison (16 March 2020).

Penal Reform International, Coronavirus: Preventing harm and human rights violations in criminal justice systems (14 July 2020).

Prison Insider – The Information Site on Prisons throughout the World’ (for prison COVID-19 news updates) in English and French and Coronavirus : la fièvre des prisons (for an overview of the the global situation).

Observatoire International de Prisons, Coronavirus en prison – L’essentiel (updates en francais-in French).

Shoreditch street art: wear a mask – Bex Walton (2020).

Week 23 – 29 November 2020

Kristin Annable, ‘Son fears COVID-19 spread after home-care staff ordered to also work in Winnipeg nursing homes’ (CBC News).

Ashley Avery & Emma Halpern, ‘Warehoused in crowded jails, it’s time for government to bring our most marginalized community members home’ (The Nova Scotia Advocate).

John Azpiri, ‘B.C.’s seniors advocate calls for COVID-19 rapid testing at long-term care homes’ (Global News).

Kyle Benning, ‘Saskatoon long-term care home outbreak reaches 34 COVID-19 cases’ (Global News),

Lauren Boothby, ‘Inmate at Edmonton Institution tests positive for COVID-19’ (Edmonton Journal).

CBC News, ‘Her 90-year-old mother survived COVID-19, but the experience was ‘haunting” (CBC News).

CBC News, ’16 active COVID-19 cases linked to Sask. jails, youth correctional centres’ (CBC News).

CCPA, Canadian standards for long-term care could right COVID-19 wrongs: Experts.

Jason Chapman & Antony Robart, ‘New Global Radio series ‘Care Gone Wrong’ investigates Ontario’s longterm care homes’ (Global News).

CTV News, ‘3 inmates, 8 staff members at Saskatoon jail have tested positive for COVID-19’ (CTV News).

CTV news, ‘Sask. jails may house some inmates in trailers to limit COVID-19 spread’ (CTV News).

Covid-19 – Daniel Lobo (2020).

Thomas Gerbet, ‘Les aînés des CHSLD pourront aussi fêter Noël dans leur famille’ (ICI).

David Giles, ’16 COVID-19 cases reported among staff, inmates at Saskatchewan correctional centres’ (Global News).

David Giles, ’72 new coronavirus cases reported at Saskatoon Correctional Centre’ (Global News).

Global News, ‘How to protect long-term care homes during COVID-19 outbreak’ (Global News).

Bryce Hoye, ‘Winnipeg care home staffing challenged as 159 COVID-19 positive workers isolating’ (CBC News).

ICI, ‘Fin de l’éclosion à la prison de Trois-Rivières’ (ICI).

Thia James, ‘Growing alarm among Saskatoon jail inmates as COVID-19 cases emerge, inmate says’ (Saskatoon Star Phoenix).

El Jones, ‘Jail phone system appears to violate provincial privacy rights policy‘ (Halifax Examiner).

Amy Judd, ‘5 residents of Abbotsford B.C. care home die in just one day from COVID-19’ (Global News).

Bryan Labby, ‘Grief, loss, anger: A call for change to seniors’ care’ (CBC News).

Nomi Claire Lazar, ‘Mass solitary confinement in prisons is illegal, even in a pandemic’ (The Star).

Joanne Lee-Young, ‘COVID-19: Think-tank calls for national oversight of long-term care’ (Vancouver Sun).

Josh Lynn, ‘Saskatoon inmate says lack of COVID-19 information creating ‘culture of fear’ inside jail’ (CTV News).

Nigel Maxwell, ‘P.A. Correctional to become re-direction site for Saskatoon inmates, following COVID spike in Saskatoon’ (CKBI).

Brett McKay, ‘Why COVID-19 shows it’s time to consider prison abolition’ (Canadian Dimension).

Don Mitchell, ‘Fear, stress factors in staffing shortages at Ontario’s long-term care homes amid COVID-19 crisis’ (Global News).

Blue Mountains under Covid-19 – Blue Mountains Library (2020).

National Post, ‘Saskatoon jail reports 68 offenders positive with COVID-19, halts new intakes’ (CP – National Post).

Native Women’s Association of Canada, Minimizing COVID-19-related Risk Among Incarcerated Indigenous Females Through Transparency and Accountability.

Brooklyn Neustaeter, ‘Canadians age 85 and older account for over half of excess deaths amid COVID-19: StatCan’ (CTV News).

Jeremy Nuttall, ‘Pickering care home slammed in military report given green light to expand by province’ (The Star).

Colin Perkel, ‘Ontario health-care staff outline devastating COVID-19 toll on working conditions, mental health’ (CTV News).

Dean Pritchard, ‘New Stony inmate shocked to arrive during virus outbreak’ (WFP).

Ryan Rocca, ‘A look at what has gone wrong in Ontario long-term care amid the coronavirus pandemic’ (Global News).

Socialist Alternative, ‘Death Stalks Ontario’s long-term care homes’ (SA).

Verity Stevenson, ‘After toiling in Quebec’s long-term care homes, a migrant from Ivory Coast faces deportation’ (CBC News).

Danton Unger, ‘Outbreak at Manitoba jail spikes to more than 70 cases’ (CTV News).

Week 16 – 22 November 2020

Joel Ballard, ‘101 people at Abbotsford care home test positive for COVID-19’ (CBC News).

Murray Brewster, ‘Military mission to COVID-hit long term care homes cost taxpayers about $53 million’ (CBC News).

Alicia Bridges, ‘Saskatoon jail unit in quarantine after 2 staff test positive for COVID-19’ (CBC News).

Rene Bruemmer, ‘COVID-19 outbreaks forcing seniors’ centres to share contract workers’ (Healthing).

CBC News, ‘Fraser Health declares COVID-19 outbreaks at 4 assisted living facilities’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ‘N.S. to set up 6 isolation units to help stop COVID spread in long-term care’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ‘Sask. Ministry of Corrections trying to get masks for inmates: spokesperson’ (CBC News).

CP, ‘Ford pledges increased testing in long-term care homes as deaths climb in facilities’ (CP – The Star).

Mickey Djuric, ’28 people test positive for COVID-19 at Luther Special Care Home in Saskatoon’ (Global News).

Charlie Feinstein, ‘Toronto long-term care home confirms over 110 residents have contracted COVID-19’ (Daily Hive).

I will survive – Gig Posters for Scientists (2020).

Chris Fox, ‘Workers at long-term care homes in COVID-19 hot spots will now be required to get tested weekly’ (CP24).

Ian Froese, ‘Military sent to Opaskwayak Cree Nation after every resident at care home contracts COVID-19’ (CBC News).

Shane Gibson, ‘Coronavirus: Outbreak of COVID-19 cases at Stony Mountain Institution growing’ (Global News).

Cindy E. Harnett, ‘Seniors advocate says rapid testing of staff in care homes makes sense’ (Times Colonist).

Sherina Harris, ‘‘Lie After Lie’: Families Believe Ontario Nursing Home Hid COVID-19 Deaths’ (Huff Post).

Brittany Hobson, ‘Families say inmates at Manitoba jail feel punished after being put in solitary confinement due to COVID-19’ (APTN).

Karen Howlett, ‘Absence of standard protocols on COVID-19 testing leaves nursing homes vulnerable’ (G&M).

ICI, ‘La mission de l’armée dans les résidences pour aînés a coûté 53 millions de dollars’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘Les visites virtuelles aux détenus suspendues depuis un mois à la prison de Trois-Rivières’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘COVID-19 : 55 % des détenus de la prison de New Carlisle sont atteints du virus’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘La prison de New Carlisle suspend ses admissions face à l’éclosion de COVID-19’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘Prison de New Carlisle : 75 % des détenus touchés par la COVID-19’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘La Ligue des droits et libertés propose de libérer des détenus de New Carlisle’ (ICI).

Thia James, ‘Inmate letter raises concern about measures to prevent COVID-19 at Saskatoon jail’ (Saskatoon StarPhoenix).

Isabelle Larose, ‘COVID-19 : 27 personnes atteintes au centre de détention de New Carlisle’ (ICI).

Wency Leung, ‘In COVID-19′s second wave, Canada’s long-term care homes aim for a better balance of safety and community’ (G&M).

Your mask – Gig Posters for Scientists (2020).

Megan Linton, ‘‘Warehouses like this are not the answer’: Exposing the crisis of long-term care in Manitoba’ (Canadian Dimension).

Simon Little, ‘New COVID-19 outbreak confirmed at B.C. prison hit hardest by virus in April’ (Global News).

Kelly Geraldine Malone, ‘Manitoba reserve on lockdown after all residents at care home infected with COVID-19’ (Times Colonist).

Rob Munro, ‘Seniors advocate fighting to improve visits in long term care homes despite surge of COVID-19 cases’ (Infotel).

Linda Mussell & Marsha Rampelsaud, ‘Solitary confinement by any other name is still torture’ (The Conversation).

Shanifa Nasser, ‘She survived the Holocaust and died of COVID-19. Her family says pandemic’s human toll is lost in the numbers’ (CBC News).

Patrick Penner, ‘Barred use of solitary confinement continues at Mission Institution, Kent Institution: report’ (Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows News).

Colin Perkel, ‘Solitary confinement persists in federal prisons despite new system, reports find’ (Toronto City News).

Sarah Petz, ‘Manitoba hires private security firm to crack down on COVID-19 rule breakers starting this weekend’ (CBC News).

Dean Pritchard, ‘COVID outbreak climbs to 37 cases at Stony Mountain prison’ (WFP).

Sarah Riegler, ‘Concerns grow as COVID-19 continues to take devastating toll on Alberta care homes’ (CBC News).

John Schofield, ‘Ontario Court of Appeal rules pandemic should not trigger automatic bail reviews’ (The Lawyer’s Daily).

Virus particles – Gig Posters for Scientists (2020).

Sheila Scott, ”Seniors are the ones paying the price’: Resident dies amid growing COVID-19 outbreak at White Rock care home’ (CTV News).

Shelby Thom, ‘Three COVID-19 outbreaks declared at long-term care homes in B.C.’s Southern Interior’ (Global News).

Abigail Turner, ‘All residents at northern Manitoba care home test positive for COVID-19’ (Global News).

TVA Nouvelles, ‘COVID-19: nette amélioration dans nos résidences et CHSLD’ (TVAN – Le Journal de Montreal).

Tess Vikander & Ian Holliday, ‘COVID-19 cases at Mission Institution cause for concern, union says’ (CTV News).

Patrick White, ‘Solitary confinement persists in prisons, new reports say’ (G&M).

Week 9 – 15 November 2020

Malak Abas, ‘Manitoba jails receiving replacement masks’ (WFP).

Rochelle Baker, ‘Relatives, advocates worry COVID-19 second wave will shut the door on visiting loved ones’ (National Observer).

Rochelle Baker, ‘Seniors’ advocates want national standards for care as COVID-19 surges’ (Welland Tribune).

Stewart Bell & Andrew Russell, ‘‘Staff are in shock’: Documents reveal chaos inside Ontario nursing home during COVID-19 outbreak’ (Global News).

Daniel Boily, ‘Le CHSLD Herron sera fermé’ (ICI).


Michele Brunoro, ‘Dozens test positive as 2 care homes battle major COVID-19 outbreaks‘ (CTV News).

Brigitte Bureau, ‘Les centres de surveillance de l’immigration vidés de leurs détenus’ (ICI).

Brigitte Bureau, ‘Concerned about possible COVID-19 outbreaks, CBSA frees most migrants from detention centres’ (CBC News).

Pandemic! At the Costco – Paulo O (2020).

CBC News, ‘2 inmates at Edmonton Institution for Women contract COVID-19’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ’29 residents dead since Oct. 2 COVID-19 outbreak at Scarborough long-term care home’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ‘112 residents, 60 staff members infected with COVID-19 at Scarborough long-term care home’ (CBC News).

CP, ‘Hamilton-area long term care home closes two units due to COVID-19 outbreak’ (CP – National Post).

CP, ‘Five federal inmates test positive for COVID-19 as case counts spike across Canada’ (CP – City News).

CP, ‘COVID-19 Killed 29 People At This Revera Toronto Care Home In The Last Month’ (CP).

CP24, ‘Broad, frequent testing was key to getting COVID-19 outbreaks in Ont. long-term care homes under control: military’ (CP24).

Carl DeGurse, ‘Care homes need military help’ (WFP).

Colette Derworiz, ‘Edmonton long-term care facility has 10 COVID-19 deaths, dozens of cases’ (CP – Toronto Star).

Susan Gamble, ‘Released ‘non-stop criminals’ drive up crime stats’ (The Wetaskiwin Times).

Elizabeth Howell, ‘Carleton and Bruyère Researchers Receive Grant to Help Long-Term Care Homes Protect Themselves from COVID’ (Carleton Newsroom).

ICI, ‘La COVID continue sa flambée dans un CHSLD de Joliette’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘Deux cas de COVID-19 à la prison pour femmes d’Edmonton’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘Un détenu de Headingley en isolement cellulaire après un dépistage du coronavirus’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘Un meilleur plan contre la COVID-19 réclamé au centre correctionnel de Saskatoon’ (ICI).

Roger Jordan, ‘Worker at Canadian senior care home describes COVID-19’s horrific impact in a system where “the profit motive is paramount”’ (WSWS).

COVID – Travis Wise (2020).

Matthew Kupfer, ‘When it comes to pulling a loved one out of long-term care, there’s no easy answer’ (CBC News).

Peggy Lam, ‘Headingley inmate put in solitary confinement after positive COVID test being ‘punished’ for illness: mother’ (CBC News).

Steve Lambert, ‘Care home provided false information about staffing levels, health officials say’ (The Star).

Scott Larson, ‘Saskatoon Correctional Centre inmates say not enough being done to protect them against COVID-19’ (CBC News).

Joanne Levasseur, ‘Maples care home not fully staffed during Friday crisis, despite claims it was, union says’ (CBC News).

Sune-Ann Levy. ‘LEVY: Bill 218 is ‘get-out-of-jail-free card’ for LTCs, say advocates’ (Toronto Sun).

Jill Macyshon & Ben Cousins, ”It’s so painful’: Loved ones share loss as COVID-19 deaths mount in Manitoba care facilities’ (CTV News).

Melissa Martin, ‘Pandemic exposes folly of understaffed care homes’ (WFP).

Alexandra Mazur, ‘Second staff member at Millhaven Institution tests positive for COVID-19’ (Global News).

Farrah Merali, ‘His father was to be checked hourly at his long-term care home. Instead, he died and wasn’t found for 6 hours’ (CBC News).

Mark Neufeld, ‘Family of inmate worried about COVID-19 segregation in jails’ (City News).

Tyler Olsen, ‘New cases linked to site of B.C.’s largest prison COVID-19 outbreak’ (Surrey Now Leader).

Ottawa Matters, ‘Military deployment in long-term care homes called ‘traumatic” (OM).

Sarah Petz, ‘Winnipeg mayor calls deaths at care home ‘sickening,’ pushes province to do more to prevent COVID-19 outbreaks’ (CBC News).

Sarah Petz, ‘With most Manitoba care homes in lockdown, families struggle to care for loved ones living with dementia’ (CBC News).

Rebel News, ‘Immigration detention centres are being emptied over COVID-19 concerns’ (RN).

Christopher Reynolds, ‘Advocate says second COVID-19 wave has inmates locked down in ‘atrocious’ conditions’ (The Star).

ODCtwist – FolsomNatural (2020).

Dylan Robertson, ‘Trudeau ‘deeply concerned’ about care home deaths’ (WFP).

Gabby Rodrigues, ‘Scarborough long-term care home reports dozens of COVID-19 cases, 29 deaths in latest outbreak’ (Global News).

Kayla Rosen, ‘Manitoba correctional officers given expired medical masks’ (CTV News).

Julia Simone-Rutgers, ‘Half of Manitobans would support government takeover of private care homes: poll’ (WFP).

Romanin Schue, ‘« On se moque de nous », clament des demandeurs d’asile’ (ICI).

Nicole Thompson, ‘Mental health supports brought in for soldiers at long-term care homes, commission hears’ (CP – CTV News).

Danton Unger, ‘First inmate at Stony Mountain tests positive for COVID-19’ (CTV News).

Various, Association Between Nursing Home Crowding and COVID-19 Infection and Mortality in Ontario, Canada (JAMA Network).

Various, ‘For-profit long-term-care homes once again seeing significantly worse outcomes in Ontario’s second wave, Star analysis finds’ (The Star).

Week 2 – 8 November 2020

Vanessa Blanch, ‘As COVID outbreak raged at Atholville home, volunteer workers felt abandoned by province’ (CBC News).

Vanessa Blanch, ‘Fearful of ‘nightmare,’ special care homes ask for government help protecting vulnerable’ (CBC News).

Terry Bridge, ‘Seniors’ homes, jails have different COVID-19 outbreak criteria’ (The Observer).

Michele Brunoro, ‘Workers fearful of bringing COVID-19 into care homes want mass testing’ (CTV News).

CBC News, ‘COVID-19 cases surge at west Ottawa nursing home’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ‘Increasing visitation and maintaining safety in long-term care homes a fine balance, says union representative’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ‘Health minister calls for immediate investigation into Maples, Parkview Place care homes’ (CBC News).

Jill Coubrough & Joanne Lavasseur, ‘Red Cross help is on the way for Parkview Place and Maples care homes’ (CBC News).

Jill Coubrough & Joanne Lavasseur, ‘Red Cross not enough to help Manitoba care homes battling outbreaks, families say’ (CBC News).

CP, ‘Ford government to commit to NDP motion for 4 hours of care each day in long-term care homes’ (CP24).

CP, ‘Prison justice society urges ‘drastic action’ as COVID-19 spreads in Calgary jail’ (CP – CTV News).

Dan Darrah, ‘Long-term care in Ontario has been a free market disaster’ (Spring).

Hope – Gedalya AKA David Gott (2011).

Mason Depatie, ‘Manitoba sending expert to investigate COVID-19 outbreaks at Winnipeg care homes’ (CTV News).

Mike Devlin, ‘Oak Bay man handed $1,150 ticket for not following quarantine rules’ (Vancouver Sun).

Tom Fletcher, ‘B.C. seniors suffer from isolation, depression in COVID-19’ (Surrey Now Leader).

David Giles, ‘Investigation launched into death at Saskatoon Correctional Centre’ (Global News).

Caitlyn Gowriluk, ‘Pulled from care homes during pandemic, these seniors thrived — highlighting ‘urgent’ need for change: expert’ (CBC News).

Cindy Harnett, ‘Seniors surveyed fear dying of loneliness more than COVID-19: advocate’ (Times Colonist).

Sherina Harris, ‘Could Long-Term Care Home Managers Receive Criminal Charges?’ (Huff Post).

Aedan Helmer, ‘Judge reduces assault sentence for ‘deplorable’ and ‘unduly harsh’ conditions at Innes jail’ (Ottawa Citizen).

ICI, ‘COVID-19 : les cas augmentent vite dans les maisons de soins de longue durée albertaines’ (ICI).

Julie Ireton, ‘Hawkesbury care home resident, 37, paints bleak picture of life under lockdown’ (CBC News).

 Ravi Jain & Alexander Toope, ‘Impact of presidential election on U.S. and Canadian immigration: Part Two’ (The Lawyer’s Daily).


Shawn Jeffords, ‘Absent funding details for long-term care standard in budget troubling: advocates’ (CP).

Alice Chantal Tchandem Kamgang, ‘Soins en CHSLD : vers une harmonisation des pratiques au Canada?’ (ICI).

Londoner, ‘Tuesday: Four active COVID-19 cases in Sarnia-Lambton’ (Londoner).

Mamta Lulla, ‘Bowden and Drumheller prison workers test positive for COVID’ (Red Deer Advocate).

Sabrina Maddeaux, ‘The Ugly Truth About Solitary Confinement In Canada’s Women’s Prisons’ (Refinery 29).


Katie May, ‘Infected Headingley inmate alleges poor treatment’ (Winnipeg Free Press).

The Trump Daily Briefing – Mike Finn (2020).

John McPhee, ‘Nova Scotia stiffens COVID-19 rules for nursing homes; provincewide total hits 293 cases’ (Saltwire).

Alex Migdal, ‘Long-term care residents should be allowed more visits, B.C. seniors advocate says’ (CBC News).

Félix Morrissette-Beaulieu, ’75 % des employés et des résidents du CHSLD de Cap-Saint-Ignace atteints de la COVID-19′ (ICI).

Yves Poirier, ‘COVID-19 : la situation s’aggrave dans un CHSLD de Joliette’ (Le Journal de Montreal).

Ted Raymond, ‘Bruyere announces new transitional care unit at Greystone Village retirement home’ (CTV News).

Ted Raymond, ‘COVID-19 outbreak at Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre ends‘ (CTV News).

Red Deer Advocate, ‘Drumheller prison made changes so inmates always available for court, judge told’ (RDA).

Kayla Rosen, ‘COVID-19 outbreaks declared at four Manitoba care homes’ (CTV News).

Carol Sanders, ‘NDP asks for inquest into COVID-19 care home deaths’ (WFP).

Carol Sanders, ‘MGEU files grievance over PPE issues in jails’ (WFP).

John Schofield, ‘Lawyers hope long-term care legal actions will continue, despite pending Ontario legislation’ (The Lawyer’s Daily).

Megan Shaw, ‘Ten deaths at Ottawa long-term care home linked to COVID-19 this fall’ (CTV News).

Star Tribune, ‘Calgary inmates contaminated with COVID-19 allege ‘disgusting’ situations’ (ST).

The Canadian, ‘COVID-19: the situation is getting worse in a CHSLD in Joliette’ (The Canadian).

The High River Times, ‘Still three active COVID-19 cases in Sarnia-Lambton’ (THRT).

Danton Unger, ‘Two more care homes deal with COVID-19 outbreaks in Winnipeg’ (CTV News).


Shannon Vanraes, ‘Manitoba government urged to step in amid COVID-19 outbreak at Parkview Place care home’ (Global News).

Week 26 October – 1 November 2020

Sidhartha Banerjee, ‘Long-term care deaths surged in COVID-19 first wave, Tam hopeful it won’t repeat’ (CP24).

Scott Billeck, ‘CUPE calls for personal care home inspections as COVID-19 outbreaks spread’ (O Canada).

Matt Brand, ‘Nova Scotia’s online court a first of its kind in Canada’ (Halifax Today).

Susan Braedley, ‘Time to care’ about proper staffing in Ontario’s nursing homes’ (Fort Saskatchewan Record).

Annie-Claude Brisson, ‘Près de 80 cas dans les CHSLD du Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean’ (ICI).


CBC News, ‘COVID-19 outbreak declared at Ottawa jail’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ‘St. Joseph’s defends its long-term care homes against Marketplace report on recorded violations’ (CBC News).

CBC News, ’69 residents at Maples Personal Care Home test positive for COVID-19′ (CBC News).

COVID – Travis Wise (2020).

CP, ‘Ontario long-term care commission will grant workers anonymity’ (CP – National Post).

CP, ‘Long-term care deaths surged in COVID-19 first wave, Tam hopeful it won’t repeat’ (Ottawa Matters).

Jill Croteau, ‘Seniors scared following another wave of long-term care COVID-19 outbreaks’ (Global News).

Kirk Dickinson, ‘Sarnia Jail inmate tests positive for COVID-19’ (Blackburn News).

Colin D’Mello, ‘Canadian Armed Forces on standby for ‘month’ before deployment to Ontario long-term care homes’ (CTV News).

Joel Dryden, ‘Infected Calgary inmates say they have been crammed into disgusting, inhumane solitary confinement’ (CBC News).

Joel Dryden, ‘COVID outbreak at Calgary jail continues spread as 70 inmates now infected’ (CBC News).

Joel Dryden, ‘Outbreak at Calgary jail is a ‘horror show,’ staff union claims, as COVID cases increase to 124′ (CBC News).

Michael Franklin, ‘COVID-19 confirmed in 3 employees at Alberta’s Bowden Institution‘ (CTV News).

Ian Froese, ‘Manitoba defends handling of COVID-19 in jails after 45 positive tests’ (CBC News).

Katia Gagnon, ‘Droit dans le mur’ (La Presse).

Thomas Gebert, ’19 résidents morts et 68 employés infectés au CHSLD Sainte-Croix’ (ICI).

Daina Goldfinger, ‘9 Simcoe Manor nursing home residents now dead due to COVID-19 outbreak’ (Global News).

Brittany Greenslade, ’69 residents at Maples Personal Care Home test positive for COVID-19′ (Global News).

Jason Herring, ‘AHS imposes restrictions on Calgary prison staff as 40 per cent of inmates contract COVID-19’ (Calgary Herald).

Jason Herring, ‘Infected inmates allowed to mingle, spreading virus throughout Calgary jail: union’ (Calgary Herald).

Jason Herring, ‘COVID-19 clusters reported at two Alberta federal prisons’ (Calgary Herald).

Brittany Hobson, ‘Manitoba defends pandemic response plan after outbreak at provincial jail’ (APTN News).

Socially distancing tandem – Mike Finn (2020).

Stephen Hunt, ‘Outbreak at Calgary Correctional Centre rises to 118 cases’ (CTV News).

Stephen Hunt, ‘2 confirmed cases of COVID-19 among staff at Drumheller Institution’ (CTV News).

ICI, ‘Le Manitoba défend sa gestion de la COVID-19 dans les prisons’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘COVID-19 : des prisonniers malades dénoncent leurs conditions de détention à Calgary’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘Éclosion de COVID-19 au centre de détention de Rimouski : 16 employés en retrait’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘Un syndicat dénonce la gestion de l’éclosion de COVID-19 de la prison de Calgary’ (ICI).

ICI, ‘La plus grosse éclosion en milieu carcéral provincial est à Trois-Rivières’ (ICI).

Julie Ireton, ‘Serious, repeat violations at city-run nursing home’ (CBC News).

Lauren Krugel, ‘Alarm bells ring over COVID-19 and long-term care; Ontario sees slowing virus growth’ (The Star).

Larry Kusch, ‘Sixteen Manitoba care homes battle COVID-19’ (Winnipeg Free Press).

Le Devoir, ‘La liste des CHSLD et résidences pour aînés touchés par la COVID-19’ (LD).

Louise Leduc, ‘Des milliers de cellules vides’ (La Presse).

Louise Leduc, ‘Canadian Penitentiaries | Thousands of empty cells’ (The Canadian).

Craig Lord, ‘Coronavirus outbreak declared at Ottawa jail; 76 new COVID-19 cases locally’ (Global News).

Rob Lurie & Katelyn Thomas, ‘Manager suspended in probe of Quebec care home with 25 COVID-19 deaths this month’ (CTV News).

Coronavirus and the likely end date – Mike Finn (2020).

Devon McKendrick, ‘Concerns of COVID-19 in jails continues to rise as government tries to address problem’ (CTV News).

Josh Pringle, ‘COVID-19 outbreaks over at two Ottawa long-term care homes’ (CTV News).

QMI, ‘Éclosion de COVID-19: La sœur d’un détenu dénonce les conditions au Centre correctionnel de Calgary’ (QMI – Le Journal de Montreal).

Mia Rabson, ‘Opposition, advocates say Ottawa needs to fix long-term care homes now’ (Global News).

Ted Raymond, ‘COVID-19 outbreak declared at Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre’ (CTV News).

Ali Raza, ‘East Toronto long-term care home reporting 56 cases of COVID-19 among residents’ (The Star).

Tom Ross, ‘COVID-19 now infecting half of inmates at Calgary Correctional Centre’ (Edmonton City News).

Kaylen Small, ‘New staff restrictions announced for Calgary Correctional Centre COVID-19 outbreak’ (Global News).

Aryn Strickland, ‘COVID-19 outbreak declared at a long-term care home in Brockville’ (Global News).

The Canadian, ‘COVID-19 outbreak: Inmate’s sister denounces conditions at Calgary Correctional Center’ (Le Journal de Montreal – TC).

TVA Nouvelles, ‘Vingt-deux morts de la COVID-19 au CHSLD Sainte-Croix de Marieville’ (TVAN – Le Journal de Montreal).

Danton Unger, ‘COVID-19 cases reported in another Manitoba jail, more than 600 in isolation’ (CTV News).

Various, An Examination of COVID-19 Outbreaks in Prisons and Jails in North America, Central America, and the Caribbean (Victims & Offenders).